Friday, 15 October 2021

Why Is 'X' The Unknown?

The word “X” is English words. It is 24 letter of English alphabet. Basically, the words “X” is well-known and famous words. The shape of this word is very interesting. On the other hand, it is the mainly imperative question that why “X” is unknown in Mathematics. The main reason for this word is the algebra formulas, because, this word is well used in the algebra. In this argumentative essay, the professional writers of essay writing services will discuss why X is unknown. According to history, the “X” word represents the Arabic word (sheen). The basic meaning of this word is (Al. shaman) and this is well-known in mathematics. However, in most cases, it represents the Greek symbol of “chi”. The originality of this word is that it derives from the Latin word which means Christ.

This word refers to the unknown mysterious. This is awfully famous in the Arabic language. Every part of this word has deep meaning that a person cannot solve. The word X is used in many files, projects and mathematics. However, the most important question is why the word “X” is well-known or popular than, y and z. In history, most drams, plays and journeys are linked with this amazing world.

If a person writes the word “X” in Arabic, then the meanings are incredibly concise and remarkable. The X word is commonly used in the medical system such as X-rays. On the other hand, the most important question is why some words are so meticulous. It is not a neat story, in fact, it is connected to history. According to the moral point of view, the words X are considered notable.

In most belongings, the word x is judged unknown, if the first variable is A, or, B. in the mathematics of French and Latin, the setting of x is very convenient. On the other hand, it is the symbol of example. For instance, if a student is unable to understand the basic point of the question, he is able to consider it as an example in the question. The best hypothesis of this word is alongside x that is exceptionally useful in the mathematics question. The variation of words in the algebra is exceptionally difficult; therefore, the x is unknown.

In most cases, the word x is considered algebra star. The expression algorithms are the indication of European language. However, it is not easy to attempt a basic voice without the practice of the question. According to the famous philosopher Aristotle, the word x is unknown in the West. The sound of x is the resemblance of the Arabic sheen that is exceptionally common in all around the world. On the other hand, the main problem of Arabic scholars is to translate this amazing word in the text and sheen. Consequently, it is unknown, because, this word is very difficult to translate. Nonetheless, the main translation of this word is “chi” that is the most frequent word of European language.

Thursday, 23 September 2021

What are Five Sources of Calcium Other than Milk?

Calcium is a very important mineral found in milk. Every one of us needs calcium. Kids especially need it for their growing bodies. We can consume our calcium through food and medicines. Our daily diet should have important minerals and calcium is one of them. In fact, you have calcium as a priority mineral in your body. Milk is the richest source of calcium. The daily value (DV) of calcium is 1300mg. Calcium also makes a major part of the muscles and helps them in movement. It is easy to access and has many health benefits. Most of us take calcium from milk but at the same time, some of us cannot manage to digest it. Old people also face this issue sometimes. It is due to the inability to digest milk from birth. Such a situation requires an alternative to milk. At the same time, calcium is necessary for the bones, teeth, blood, as well as brain. A food deficient in calcium will cause a loss of appetite, muscle problems, and bone disease. There are other sources of getting calcium other than milk that you can use in the diet. These sources are natural ones. But the food industry also provides a number of artificial sources of calcium as well. Experts of a dissertation help firm have shared a list of other sources of calcium that is given below;


Green vegetables
Green vegetables have the highest amount of calcium after milk. Those green vegetables are kale, spinach, cabbage, okra, mustard green, turnips, and Broccoli. These vegetables are present in every grocery market. They are not expensive and easy to access. It is being consumed in every part of world. You may not like the texture and taste but it will give you the calcium amount that you need. 100 grams of green vegetables contain around 99 mg of calcium. It is a big source of calcium. Green vegetables are also good for magnesium, iron, and other minerals. Accurate amounts of these nutrients add to the health benefits. Nowadays non-vegetarian diet is also popular in people. Finding calcium is a real concern for vegans. Such a diet pattern can also use green vegetables for calcium requirements. Green vegetables also have some oxalates that can decrease the calcium amount. But still, it is a good source of calcium.


Beans are famous as humble foods. They are nutrition packets. They are not limited to calcium only. They also have many nutrients like iron, calcium, proteins, magnesium, fiber, and zinc. These are necessary for many functions in the body. If we talk about calcium in the beans, it is present in the same amount as in milk. The availability of calcium is another thing. Beans are consumed in every part of the world. As we know, beans are of many types. The amount of calcium also varies in different types of beans. Most of the beans have 63 mg of calcium in 100g of beans. Cooked wing beans (around one cup) will have 244 mg calcium. An interesting fact about beans is that it reduces cholesterol and obesity at the same time.

Legumes or Lentils

Legumes and lentils are also rich in calcium as well as in other nutrients. Starting with legumes, soybean is popular among the vegan diets as a source of protein. At the same time, it provides a source of calcium too. Legumes have been an important part of the diet of Asian people for centuries. They used it for health benefits and easy access. Today it is also grown in North America and used by many people. It is also processed into many ready to eat foods. You can find the ready-to-use versions in many markets. Legumes have many health benefits. The most important one is decreasing the muscle mass damage. Soybean is also found in the form of soybean oil, soybean flour, and soybean ready-to-use foods.

Lentils are also rich in calcium. It is a popular food in Asian countries. The calcium in lentils is easy to access. Vegetarian and rapid weight loss diet plans use lentils for their many benefits.


Yogurt is considered next to milk as a source of calcium. Most people think yogurt has the exact same benefits as milk. It is true that yogurt is being prepared from milk. But the internal nutrients are different in some places. Yogurt contains calcium in almost similar amounts to milk. People who cannot digest milk can digest yogurt. It seems illogical to listen, but in real life yogurt has a protein that makes it easy to digest. Milk protein lectin is not in digested form so it creates a problem for people. In yogurt there is yeast, and they are good ones. That yeast breaks the protein of milk for us and that is why it can be a great source of calcium like milk. It is also available in the market in both natural and processed forms. As a plus point, the yeast will be extra healthy. As yeast is a prebiotic that helps us through the gut to increase its health. It helps grow helpful and good bacteria.

Fortified Products

According to a dissertation writing service, recently, the food industry has done wonders in giving out healthy products. Fortified products are one of the wonders of the food industry. In the market, you will find many fortified products. A fortified product is something that has a nutrient added to it. It increases the importance and makes the nutrient available to people at the same time. Calcium is also added in different foods like orange juice, and kid’s cereals. Adult foods also have calcium-fortified foods. Jams, cereals, resins, and corn flakes are the most common ones. Calcium is present in these foods in the amount required for the normal range.


Calcium is a very important mineral for kids, adults, and women of every age. It is necessary for the bones, brain, teeth, blood, and muscles. Insufficient calcium will cause disturbance in the body. You can get your calcium from milk and medicines. Some people cannot digest calcium from milk. Non milk products like green vegetables, beans, yogurt, legumes and fortified foods are also good sources of calcium.

Friday, 10 September 2021

What Are Elements of Nonverbal Communication?


Nonverbal communication is the way of transmission of messages through eye contact, gestures and facial expressions etc. By using this manual language, you will have to send and receive messages without using words. There are lots of benefits of nonverbal communication. By using this communication method, you can easily complement a verbal message. The people can also use it for easy presentation of the information. We can also use it for accent. It means that we have to use it to indicate the actual meaning of the specific words. If you will have to convey your message to illiterate people, you will have to use this communication method. Here, we will discuss the elements of nonverbal communication.

Facial Expressions

Facial expressions are the most common and widely used element of nonverbal communication. By using a human face, we can make more than 10,000 expressions. With the help of these expressions, we can easily attribute the information. Smiling, blinking and eyebrow frowning are the most common facial expressions to convey information. For example, if you want to welcome a person and want to spend enough time with him, you should meet him with a smiling face. Similarly, if you want to ignore someone, you can make an angry face. In some time, you will have to provide some indications to the people. Under such a situation, you can make use of eye wrinkling.

Body Movements

You can also convey the message through nonverbal communication by using body movements. The CEO of an assignment writing services said that in body movements, there come some common practices like handshaking, nodding and other hand gestures etc. By using body movements, we can also convey excitement and enthusiasm. It is also the best way to last long-lasting impacts on the audience. We may always remember the person who uses hand movements to convey a message. When we use body movements to convey a message, we can also overcome the problems of anxiety and nervousness. For example, if you are not using your hands to convey a message, you may use them to touch your face or other body parts. This thing will not last a good impression on the audience.


If you want to last a strong impression on the audience, you will have to use this critical element of nonverbal communication. For example, you can convey different messages by standing or sitting. If you want to convey the message of confidence and strength, you will have to stand with your back straight. On other hand, if you are slouched or facing the floor, you are conveying the message of weakness or uncertainty. In some cases, you will have to express friendliness and positivity; you will have to maintain an open posture. To relax your facial expressions, you should try to keep your head raised.

Eye Contact

In some cases, you will have to build a rapport with strangers. Under such a situation, you will have to use this element of nonverbal communication. By maintaining eye contact during communication, you can convey the messages of interest, involvement and intention. On the other hand, if you will fall your eyes, you can convey the messages of disinterest and rude. Anyhow, while maintaining eye contact with others, you should not be more aggressive. According to experts, if you want to maintain healthy eye contact, you have to look semi-randomly near the eyes.


The parents who have small children may familiar with this element of nonverbal communication. To affect the message, we have to change the aspects of the voice. The opposites will know what is being presented. If you want to use less paralanguage, you will have to make changes in the speed, volume and pitch of the language. The salesmen have to use this technique to convince the customers. Sometimes, we have to speak quickly to convey the message. Here, we should speak clearly and loud. It means that the opposite should clearly understand our message.


Touch is also an important element of nonverbal communication. We can deliver a wide range of messages by using this element. For example, if we want to show rudeness, we can make a weak handshake. If we want to provide strong feelings to the people, we have to give a warm bear hug. We can also convey different messages through other touches. If we want to convey the message of strong feelings, we can make a controlling grip on the arm. To welcome a person, we can patronize pat on the head.


We can also use physical space to convey various nonverbal communication messages. For communication, we require physical space. The need and requirements of this space may vary on the culture and situation. In some cases, these requirements may also vary based on the closeness of the relationships. That's why we can easily use the physical space for nonverbal communication. We can use it to convey the messages of aggression, affection and dominance etc.


No doubt, it is also an element of nonverbal communication. Its reason is that we have to consider how to say instead of what to say. Its reason is that when you will speak to the audience, other people will also note your voice along with listening to your words. For this reason, they may consider lots of things. For example, they can note time and space. You will have to make the best use of loud and slow voices. The manager of the law essay writing services company said that You should also learn the best use of tone and inflexion of the words. The sounds of the words should also be understandable for the audience. You should give a clear message of anger, confidence and affection with the help of voice.


If you are sending and receiving messages without using words, it is nonverbal communication. You can use it to emphasize the verbal parts of communication. We can use it for the easy presentation of the information. In some cases, our messages are blocked by noises or some other reasons. It is also helpful for us to convey messages in these situations. There are various elements of nonverbal communication. The most important elements are facial expressions, body language, paralanguage and voice etc. By using these elements, we can easily convey messages.

Tuesday, 17 August 2021

How Alibaba Cloud Is Better Than AWS and Azure

Cloud Hosting
A wide range of services that are delivered to customers and companies on the internet is known as cloud services. The cloud services are designed in such a way that these services are providing affordable access to the resources. To get access to these resources, we don’t need internal hardware. Nowadays, cloud services have become a component of our work. Its reason is that we are using these cloud services as backend infrastructure. When we want to use a cloud service, we find lots of options on the internet. Alibaba, AWS and Azure are the most important cloud services but Alibaba is providing the best cloud services. Here, we will discuss how Alibaba is better cloud than AWS and Azure.

How Alibaba Cloud is Better Than AWS?

Alibaba is providing the best cloud computing services than AWS. If we want to know how Alibaba cloud is better than AWS, we have to compare their lots of features. A brief comparison between their features is given below;


AWS is an essential cloud computing platform that is launched by Amazon. Alibaba Cloud is the product of one of the most famous eCommerce platforms Alibaba. The operations of AWS are available around the world. On the other hand, the operations of Alibaba are limited only in China. Now, it has also started some operations in other countries. If you are looking for the best cloud computing service in China, Alibaba Cloud is the best solution for you. If you are looking for the best cloud computing service globally, AWS is the best solution for you.

Subscription Plans:

Alibaba is providing three different plans to its users. On the other hand, Amazon AWS is providing four different plans to the users. These subscription plans are divided into different categories based on memory, disk space, CPU cores and cost. If we compare subscription plans of both cloud computing services, we know that Alibaba is providing the best subscription plans to their users than Amazon AWS.

Data and Cloud Security:

Most of the people have to face the problems of data security on cloud computing. To secure the data of the users, Amazon is focusing on AWS security. On the other hand, Alibaba is protecting the useful information and data of the users by using anti-DDoS technology. By using anti-DDoS technology, Alibaba is providing the best security features to their users than Amazon AWS.


The performance of a cloud computing platform plays an important role in its selection or rejection. The users can easily check the performance of a cloud computing network by running applications optimally. Based on the performance, both cloud computing platforms are providing equal experience to the users.


Pricing is also an essential feature of a cloud computing platform which allows the users to select or reject it. The subscription plans of the Amazon AWS are available in the form of EC2. On the other hand, the subscription plans of the Alibaba are available in the form of ECS. The prices of their subscription plans are different. These prices depend upon various factors like storage options, cloud resources and computing services etc.

If we want to compare their prices, we have to keep in mind all of these factors. If we are buying similar subscription plans from both cloud computing platforms, we know that Alibaba cloud computing plan is cheaper than Amazon AWS. Therefore, we can say that if you want to buy the best cloud computing services at less price, Alibaba cloud computing is the best choice for you.

How Alibaba Cloud is Better Than Azure?

No doubt, Microsoft Azure and Alibaba are providing the best cloud computing services to the users. When we compare prices of Microsoft Azure and Alibaba cloud, we know that Alibaba cloud is better than Microsoft Azure. Here, experts of a PhD dissertation help firm will discuss how Alibaba cloud is better than Microsoft Azure.


As we have discussed earlier that Alibaba cloud has the largest presence in China. Anyhow, it is also flourishing its services in other regions like the US, Asia, Europe and the Middle East. On the other hand, the cloud services of Microsoft Azure are available in different regions. If you are looking for the best cloud service in China, Microsoft Azure is the best choice for you. On the other hand, if you are looking for the best cloud service globally, Microsoft Azure is the best choice for you.

Computing Capacity:

The computing capacity of a cloud service plays an important role in increasing performance. In the Alibaba cloud, you can get the largest VM of 160 vCPUs. In the Microsoft Azure, you will get the largest VM of 128 vCPUs. The RAM of Alibaba can be 1920 GB. The RAM of Microsoft Azure can be 3892 GB. Therefore, we can say that both cloud computing services are providing quite flexible options in computing capacity. Anyhow, due to the largest VM, Alibaba cloud can provide the best performance to the users than Microsoft Azure.


The storage space of a cloud computing service also plays an important role in its performance. As Alibaba Cloud is providing wide cloud storage to their users, therefore, it is providing better performance to the users.

Read This Also: 5 Useful Project Management Tools for Students


While selecting a cloud computing service, the users pay enough attention to its security measures. No doubt, both Alibaba and Microsoft Azure are providing the best security features to the users. Microsoft Azure is using Active Directory model to the users to provide the best security features. On the other hand, Alibaba is using anti-DDoS technology to secure the data of the users. Therefore, we can say that Alibaba is providing the best security features to the users than Microsoft Azure.


Both Microsoft Azure and Alibaba are providing different subscription plans to their users. If we compare different subscription plans of these two cloud computing services, we know that Alibaba cloud is providing the clouding services at cheapest rates than Microsoft Azure. After comparing different features of Alibaba cloud with Amazon AWS and Microsoft Azure, we can conclude that Alibaba cloud is a more attractive option than Amazon AWS and Microsoft Azure.

Monday, 31 May 2021

5 Useful Project Management Tools for Students

Project Management Tools
When you are working on a project that is due to delivery in a short time, the to-do list can fall short as there is way too much going on with so many people that you would not know where to focus and how. Aided by technology, these days students have hope of making things easy and they can look forward to using useful project management tools that can take the burden off their shoulders and make the process efficient for them.

According to experts of dissertation writing services, choosing the right project management tools or application is a tough question; it is because every tool and app seems to be offering the best solution but this is not so. The right tool will depend on the size of your team, the way you prefer to work, and the goals you plan to achieve. Time spend at university is no doubt memorable; not only for the great friends you make and the wonderful things you learn but also for the stress and ability to do anything and everything on your own.

When questioned, most students answered that their most memorable time was completing their project on time and the problems they faced in trying to manage things most efficiently. Working on a project is by no means easy as it requires a lot of time, effort, and dedication to do things right and achieve the desired results. Listed here are 5 useful project management tools for students that help them work on their projects the best way.


It is one of the original Kanban board apps and provides a highly visual way to manage projects. It helps you organizes project tasks as cards on a board divided into columns. Each column represents a task status such as things-to-do, things are underway, and tasks that are done. As work progresses on cards, you can move them from left to right. In addition to implementing Kanban board design, Trello helps to assign cards to team members, set due dates, attach files, and make comments.

It also has a variety of power-ups you can use to improve the workflow. One of the best features the card aging power-up, which causes Trello cards to fade if they haven’t been worked on in a while. Trello is useful for all kinds of projects; it can be used for managing editorial calendars for different clients, and it can even be used to manage software development. The good thing about it is that most features are available for free but priority support and is also available.


It is a flexible project management app with a variety of options for visualizing work. Asana helps to make a list and divide it into sections for better organization, create a board view and divide the task, keep a track of what is going on with calendar view as well as display projects as a series of tasks on a timeline. Asana also helps students assign due dates, comment on tasks, divide to-dos into subtasks, and attach files and many third-party app integrations are also available to complete the project most efficiently.


It is a great option for students who want to build a customized project management experience. It is an all-in-one knowledge work app that can be used for writing documents, taking notes, building knowledge bases, creating spreadsheets, and managing projects. The good thing about Notion is that it is built around pages and databases and within each page, content such as text, images, and links could be added. Several types of database could be added to any Notion page to carry the project forward. With its powerful collaboration feature, this tool is a must-have for students working in groups.


It is a unified hub for your knowledge work and strives to combine to-do lists, project management, documents, spreadsheets, screen capturing, and more into a single app. It is without any doubt a powerful solution for project management and helps student visualize their projects using lists, boards, calendars, and charts, showing the progress of each team member as they work.


It is a powerful project management tool that contains built-in time tracking and meeting management features. It separates the work into workspaces that contain tasks; each of these tasks has its own set of useful productivity features, including a to-do list, planned vs. actual start and end dates, and comments. Time tracking is a great feature; all you need to do is pick a task, click the play button and start tracking time spend on the project to manage your schedule the best way. There is also the facility to schedule meetings with the tool and meetings can be associated with specific tasks too.

These project management tools have features that boost collaboration and help students focus on the given task in a much better way. For working on their projects, students need to make use of the best tools and apps that work well for them.

Wednesday, 28 April 2021

How University Students Should Handle Dissertation Stress

Dissertation Stress
A dissertation is a long and complex academic research paper that often causes stress for students. A very few students admit that they are suffering from stress while writing their dissertation. Whereas, most of the students feel ashamed and embarrassed to accept the fact; that their dissertation is giving them stress. Due to this embarrassment, students hide their stress and do not share their problems with their family, supervisor, or friend. According to a dissertation writing service, it not only affects their health, work and study routine, their research work or dissertation but also does not let them find the right solution or method for handling the stress.

Causes of Dissertation Stress:

According to experts, when the dissertation and other research work is done in the right way with proper planning and guidance, it will never cause any stress or confusion. Problems are started when students start searching and adopting shortcuts. Dissertation stress can be caused by any one of the below-mentioned problems
  • When there is a lack of proper planning students, do not know what they need t to how and how to do.
  • Procrastination makes them heaps of pending work.
  • Because of a lack of time management skills, students are unable to devote the required time to a different task they may end up spending more time on unnecessary tasks and left with no time for the most important part.
  • Unavailability of resources.
  • Unavailability of Proper Guidance
  • Too much complex, difficult, or broad topic.

How to Know You Are Suffering from Stress?

If you feel any of these symptoms, it means that you are suffering from stress.
  • You are feeling a lack of interest and enthusiasm
  • You feel tiredness
  • You do not like to work
  • You are continually feeling down and do not have the foggiest idea why.
  • You cannot work at your maximum capacity.
  • You do not want to keep dealing with your exposition.
  • You are discouraged and ponder your capacity, to complete the paper on schedule.
  • You are impatient and blow your top without any problem.
  • You cannot get a decent night's rest, and you awaken nearly as drained as when you had the chance to bed the last evening.

How to Manage the Stress?

There is nothing wrong with having stress, but the problem occurs when you do not know how to deal with this stress and manage it.
  • If you are facing stress, do not get panic. Be relaxed. If you get panic you will not be able to work peacefully.
  • Plan again according to given circumstances. Do not get worried if your initial planning fails. You can make a new plan of completing your dissertation within the time left. This time consider the factors that you left in last time planning and avoid mistakes that you made last time.
  • Try to keep yourself productive.
  • Make sure to take proper rest. The biggest mistake, that students mostly do, is that when they are feeling stressed because of their dissertation, they are overworked and overload themselves. There is no doubt that you need to devote extra time and effort to dissertation writing but, that does not mean you ignore your rest. Putting in your 100% time does not mean you work 24 hours. It means that you should not waste your tie on extra or unnecessary activities. Any activity or leisure time you were spending before your dissertation, you need to leave it until you are done, with your dissertation writing. Make sure to have proper sleep at night daily. Try to wake up early in the morning and do exercise regularly.
  • Keep your things and work organized. If you are having stress because of your dissertation or writer’s block you first need to reorganize your work and things. You can start this at any point.
  • One thing that can cause a lot of stress is if you lose all the work because your laptop gets damaged, or you delete it accidentally. Losing all the work and data when you are close to the deadline can cause great problems for you. So it is better to keep multiple backups of your work on hard devices, as well as cloud storage. 7. Give yourself breaks during work. Having a break of 10 to 15 minutes after every 45 minutes of work is necessary for relaxing your bones and refreshing your mind. When you overwork, your muscles and nerves can have a negative impact, and c=may get pinched. It also causes stress.

Tuesday, 9 March 2021

Greatest Discoveries and Innovations in 2021 to Know

Greatest Discoveries
The human race has always innovated, and in a relatively short time went from building fires and making stone-tipped arrows to creating smartphone apps and autonomous robots. Today, technological progress will undoubtedly continue to change the way we work, live, and survive in the coming decades. Since the beginning of the new millennium, the world has witnessed the emergence of social media, smartphones, self-driving cars, and autonomous flying vehicles. There have also been huge leaps in energy storage, artificial intelligence, and medical science. Men and women have mapped the human genome and are grappling with the ramifications of biotechnology and gene editing. Here are some of the top innovations shared by dissertation writing services that happened in 2021.

UV Keyboard Cleaners:
Another UV light-based bacteria buster is this LED desktop disinfection light, which sits between a computer screen and keyboard and automatically blasts the keys with ultraviolet light every hour to rid it of mould, bacteria, fungus and viruses. Each Cleanse takes 5 minutes and motion sensors ensure the light only comes on when users aren’t using the keyboard to prevent potentially harmful UV exposure. Produced by accessory manufacturer Targus, the company plans to start selling the devices for $299 (£220) from April. It is also working on an antimicrobial mouse and keyboards.

Bacteria That Benefit Mental Health:
And now onto germs of a good kind. Psych biotics are a type of live bacteria (probiotics and prebiotics) that could have mental health benefits when ingested because of the way they act with bacteria in the gut. Knowledge of the exact impact the bacteria can have is limited, but recent studies on volunteers showed evidence that those who had consumed them were less likely to say they were in a bad mood or feeling distressed than people who were given a placebo, suggesting that psych biotics could be used to help those with depression or anxiety in the future. Lots more research needs to be done in the field, but scientists are excited by the prospect of bacteria-brain relationships.

Touchless Gesture Recognition:
No longer the stuff of science fiction, minority report-style touchless gesture recognition is being fine-tuned by a host of major organizations, from tech titans such as apple and microsoft to research universities, with COVID-19 accelerating its widespread adoption. By way of example, Abu Dhabi airport installed the technology in fifty-three lifts in June 2020 to help minimize the spread of the virus, and the trend soon caught on. In July, Norwegian airport operator Avinor partnered with tech company Amadeus to launch touchless travel across four airports, covering everything from check-in and baggage drop to security and boarding.

Bio-Engineered, Plastic-Eating Bugs:
The plastic waste crisis is one of the biggest challenges humanity is grappling with. Though science is in its early stages, researchers around the world are coming up with all sorts of novel solutions. Among the most promising are bio-engineered bugs that munch their way through waste polymers, swiftly breaking them down into monomers that can be recycled easily.

Plastic-To-Fuel Technologies:
In a similar vein, scientists have developed technologies that transform waste plastic into clean, low-Sulphur fuels, and the market for these plastic-derived fuels is set to grow significantly in the coming years. Major players in this emerging field include plastic2oil, Enexor Bioenergy, Agilyx corporation and powerhouse energy.

Turning Oranges Into Electricity:
So how will the unwanted oranges be used to create electricity? The methane that the fruit emits as it rots will be used to power a generator. Initially, this clean electricity will be used to run one of the city’s water purification plants as Emasesa, the municipal water company, is leading the scheme. This will use about 35 Tonnes (35,000kg) of the 15,000 Tonnes (15 million kg) of oranges created across southern Spain every year, but if the trial goes well Emasesa wants to use all of the unwanted fruit to create electricity in future.

Waste Food-To-Fuel Technologies:
Just as with seville's wasted oranges, every year around a third of all food produced – a staggering 1.3 billion tonnes – is lost or wasted, with much of it ending up on landfill. Fortunately, scientists are working diligently on technologies that can convert that waste to fuel. Notable examples include Cornell University's two-step bio-oil process and the home biogas system, which uses bacteria to convert food scraps into biogas.

Vertical and Floating Farms:
The world's population is set to grow by 2 billion people by 2050, according to the UN, and that means that we will need as much as 70th more food. Therefore, new farming methods that take up less space will be necessary. Urban vertical farming, where large warehouses within cities and towns are used to grow crops in stacked layers, is already happening. But different solutions that won't take up any land at all include a floating farm proposed by Barcelona's forward-thinking architecture, which would grow crops that would not require fertilizers, pesticides or rainwater, as well as farming fish sustainably.